Things You Need to Know about A Pilonidal Cyst

Things You Need to Know about A Pilonidal Cyst

A pilonidal cyst emerges when hair follicles and debris get trapped below the layer of skin and initiate an inflammation. Pilonidal cysts are generally more prevalent in men. However, they usually affect middle-aged people. Other risk factors causing pilonidal cyst formation are obesity and sedentary lifestyle.

To identify a pilonidal cyst, a patient’s medical history and physical examination are usually necessary. Imaging technologies are effective in verifying the medical issues and identifying the size of the cyst. Clearing the cyst is a way to treat the pilonidal disorder. This can be done with a drainage technique and incision.

Surgery is a must if the problem comes back. The common surgical treatment is pilonidal cystectomy, which involves removing the cyst along with the tissue that surrounds it. Using a flap procedure, which covers the damaged area with healthy tissue, is an additional alternative. Watch a pilonidal cyst surgery video to get a better insight.

The pilonidal cyst prevention involves keeping the part tidy. What’s more, you should avoid prolonged sitting. It is also essential to practice sanitation. Additionally, wearing baggy clothing can help reduce the chance of contracting the sickness rather than wearing restrictive clothing.

1. Dress loosely

Restrictive clothes can put more strain on the area around the backbone, aggravating inflammation and pilonidal cysts. The flow of air to the area of concern can be improved and stress can be reduced by dressing loosely.

2. Think about preventing surgery

Your doctor could advise preventive treatment if you have a history of pilonidal cyst infections or if you are at an elevated likelihood of getting them. To minimize the risk of cysts in the future, the surgeon will deal with the affected tissue or restore the part.

3. Give up cigarettes

Smoking has an adverse effect on our entire way of life. It weakens your body. Also, it has an impact on the immune system. This impairs your body’s defenses against an infection caused by pilonidal cysts.

4. Practice stress reduction

Take up yoga or other stress-relieving exercises. You can also adopt specific breathing patterns.

The signs of a pilonidal cyst.

  • Small sacs containing fluid called pilonidal cysts develop beneath the layer of skin within the cheeks of your but or at the root of the spine. The cysts may not cause signs at all or they may induce a variety of indications, such as:
  • A reddened appearance and inflammation: The skin surrounding the cyst may be warmer to the touch, puffy, and reddish.
  • Fluid drainage: The cyst may release blood, pus, or other substances. There’s a chance the drainage can smell bad and discolor clothes.
  • Stinging: In the region impacted by a pilonidal cyst, some persons might feel stinging.
  • Skin annoyance: The cyst’s surrounding skin could get swollen and irritated, which would be uncomfortable.
  • Development of an infection: The cyst may occasionally get infected and develop a pustule. An unpleasant swelling, pus-filled region of tissue is called an abscess.
  • It is possible for pilonidal cysts to recur after a successful cure.
  • An untreated pilonidal cyst can cause sickness and vomit, especially if the infection spreads to other parts of the body.
  • Sitting or movement difficulties: A pilonidal cyst’s discomfort and severe pain might make it hard to relax or move properly.

Other signs

  • Drowsiness
  • Creation of sinus tracts

Do you have an infectious pilonidal disorder? What will you do?

A pilonidal cyst if gets contaminated, can hurt and cause irritation. So what should you do now? Check out the following.

I. Maintain hygiene throughout the day. How will you do that?

To stop the germs from spreading-

  • The affected region must be kept dry and clean. 
  • Avoid wearing clothes that are restrictive or sitting for extended periods of time. 
  • You may disinfect the region with a solution of water and mild soap. 
  • Keeping your body in excellent shape and free from diseases caused by pilonidal cysts requires adequate sanitation maintenance.

II. Choose a healthy lifestyle

This can help you reduce the infection risk and thwart the development of pilonidal cysts. 

III. Refrain from bursting the cyst

Although it could be appealing to attempt, don’t do it in order to release the pus. This can exacerbate the condition and cause more issues, on the other hand.


Choosing a reliable and expert surgeon for your pilonidal cyst is essential to a good treatment outcome. When making a decision, take into account elements including board qualification, expertise, surgical procedures, accessibility, and expense. Find the best doctor for what you require by researching the area and asking questions. Keep in mind that active participation in the process of decision-making is necessary for an effective result. View pilonidal surgery video to gain more understanding.